What is Linux?
It is an operating system just like any other operating system such as window7, mac os, Window8
What is Ubuntu?
Linux has many different version to suited one taste, Ubuntu is one the Linux version (or) distribution
Why we need Linux?
- high security to protect from viruses
- runs on any hardware
Which Linux distribution should I use?
There is no big difference between different Linux distributions only small changes in the command line and location configuration
What is a Difference between the Ubuntu desktop and Ubuntu server
Ubuntu comes in desktops and servers, which one, you should download, the desktop can have one user at a time while the servers, on the other hand, serves many people at the time, for example, 100 of users can file share on a file server at the same time.
What is a virtual box and how to download it
A virtual box is a software, that allows its users to use more than one operating system at a time, in order to use this software virtualization should be enabled in the bios
I have Lenovo B50 laptop, in order to enter into the bios I use the button fn+f2, press fn button steady and continuously press f2 to enter bios remember that every laptop have a different keyword to enter bios
In order to download virtual box go the link www.virtualbox.org/wiki/Downloads and select option Select window hosts then download will start, install the Virtual box by just clicking next, next.
How to download and install ubuntu with virtual box.
Go to the link to download ubuntu www.ubuntu.com/download/alternative-downloads#bittorrents after torrent completes you will get the iso file of ubuntu
Open the virtual box then select new, to create a new operating system in a virtual box and name it, then click next
I have 4gb ram so I select half of the ram that is 1.7gb select according to your ram then select …..>next, ….>create,…..> next,….> next,……> create hard disk size 20gb
Now click setting then select storage option, select empty and on the right side click round disk to load iso file then press ok
(optional) setting video memory
Click on the start button
Steps to install ubuntu 18.10
Click on install ubuntu
Step2: keyboard layout
Set the keyboard layout with the desired language
Step3: updates and other software
(mark) install third-party software for graphics and wifi hardware and additional media formats then click continue
Step4: installation type
4.0: Select something else then continue
4.1: create a new partition by clicking the new partition table then continue
4.2: click on the free space then click on the + symbol
4.3 choose use as swap area and reduce the size to nearly 5000 then press ok
4.4:select free space 16023 then press + symbol
4.5: for mount point give forward slash (/) then press ok
4.6: click on install now option then continue
Step 5: set the country where you stay
Step6: set user name and password
set screen resolution
After installation of Ubuntu, it is necessary to insert guest additions cd image, so that mouse pointer and keyboard integration will take place
go to devices ……> then insert Guest Additions cd image
Update and upgrade ubuntu through the terminal
$ sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get upgrade